Determination of The Relationshıp Between Self-Management Perception and Health Status of Indivıduals With Diabetes

Abstract views: 50 / PDF downloads: 26


  • Mahruk RASHİDİ İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi
  • Neşe KISKAÇ İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi



Depression, Diabetes, self-management


Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between mental problems and diabetes self-management in individuals with diabetes.

Methods: This study is a descriptive study. Data were collected from 320 individuals with diabetes by face-to-face questionnaire. As data collection tools; personal data identification form, Perception of Self-Management in Diabetes Scale and Patient Health Questionnaire were used. Data were analyzed with SPSS 26.0 statistical program.

Results: In this study, the Diabetes Self-Management Perception Scale score of individuals with diabetes was 30.69±2.65 and the Patient Health Questionnaire score was 5.83±3.11. The Diabetes Self-Management Perception Scale score of those who received diabetes education was higher and the Patient Health Questionnaire score was lower than those who did not (p<0.05).

Conclusion: As a result, in order to control diabetes and prevent diabetes complications, individuals should have good diabetes self-management and therefore diabetes self-management perception should be high. In this study, no significant relationship was found between depression and diabetes self-management perception (p>0.05). However, it is seen from literature studies that there may be a negative relationship between these two parameters. If there is depression in individuals with diabetes, diabetes self-management will fail. In order for diabetes self-management perception, which is important for diabetes self-management, to be high, the presence and level of depression in individuals with diabetes should be determined. It is recommended that diabetes education, which has a positive effect on diabetes self-management perception and depression, should be given to individuals with diabetes and repeated periodically.


Al Hayek, A. A., Robert, A. A., Al Dawish, M. A., Zamzami, M. M., Sam, A. E., &Alzaid, A. A. (2013). Impact of an education program on patient anxiety, depression, glycemic control, and adherence to self-care and medication in Type 2 diabetes. Journal of Family and Community Medicine, 20(2), 77-82.

American Diabetes Association. (2021). Classification and diagnosis of diabetes:Standards of medical care in diabetes 2021.Diabetes Care, 44(suppl.1), s15-33.

American Diabetes Association. (2021). Prevention or delay of type 2 diabetes:Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes.Diabetes Care, 44(suppl.1), s34-39

Aytap, F., Özer, Z. (2021). Kronik Hastalığı Olan Bireylerde Depresyon Riski ile Hastalık Öz Yönetimi Arasındaki İlişki ve Etkileyen Faktörler. TJFMPC, 15(2), 212-222.

Britneff, E., Winkley, K. (2013). The role of psychological interventions for people with diabetes and mental health issues. J Diabetes Nurs, 17, 305-310.

Bayındır Çevik, A., Özcan, Ş. (2020). Psychometric Properties of the Perceived Diabetes Self-Management Scale in Turkish Patient with Type 2 Diabetes. Diyabet, Obesite, ve Hipertansiyonda Hemşirelik Forumu Dergisi, 12(2), 15-22.

Canbolat, Ö., Ekenler, Ş., Polat, Ü. (2022). Diyabet Özyönetiminde Engeller ve Kolaylaştırıcılar. Med J SDU, 29(1), 143-148.

Çorapçıoğlu, A., Uzuner-Özer, A. (2004). Adaptation of revised Brief PHQ (Brief-PHQ-r) for diagnosis of depression, panic disorder and somatoform disorder in primary healthcare settings. International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practic, 8(1), 11-18.

Güneysel Bakır, G., Zengin, N. (2023). Diyabetli bireylerde kronik hastalık öz yönetimi ve etkileyen faktörlerin incelenmesi. Sağlık ve Yaşam Bilimleri Dergisi, 5(1), 9-17.

International Diabetes Federation. (2019). Diabetes Atlas.9th.ed. Erişim tarihi: 26.09.2023

Kara, M., Van der Bijl, J.J., Shortridge-Baggett, L.M., Asti, T., Erguney, S. (2006). Cross-cultural adaptation of the Diabetes Management Self-Efficacy Scale for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: scale development. Int J Nurs Stud, 43(5), 611-21.

Kroenke, K., Spitzer, R.L. (2002). The PHQ-9: A new depression diagnostic and severity measure. Psychiatric Annals, 32(9), 509–515.

International Diabetes Federation. Diabetes Atlas. (2017). atlas.html. Erişim: 26.09.2023

Löfman, S., Hakko, H., Mainio, A., Timonen, M., Räsänen, P. (2012). Characteristics of suicide among diabetes patients: a population based study of suicide victims in Northern Finland. J Psychosom Res, 73, 268–71.

Redekop, W. K., Koopmanschap, M. A., Stolk, R. P., Rutten, G. E., Wolffenbuttel, B. H., Niessen, L. W. (2002). Health-related quality of life and treatment satisfaction in Dutch patients with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes care, 25(3), 458-463.

Roy, T., Lloyd, C.E., Parvin, M., Mohiuddin, K.G.B., Rahman, M. (2012). Prevalence of co-morbid depression in out-patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Bangladesh. BMC Psychiatry, 12, 1-10.

Satman, I., Omer, B., Tutuncu, Y., Kalaca, S., Gedik, S., Dinccag, N., et. al. (2013). (TURDEP-II Study Group). Twelve-year trends in the prevalence and risk factors of diabetes and prediabetes in Turkish adults. Eur J Epidemiol., 28(2),169-80.

Wagner, J. A., Tennen, H., Osborn, C. Y. (2010). Lifetime depression and diabetes self‐management in women with Type 2 diabetes: a case–control study. Diabetic Medicine, 27(6), 713-717.

Wallston, K.A., Rothman, R.L., Cherrington, A. (2007). Psychometric Properties of The Perseived Diabetes Self-Management Scale (PDSMS). J Behav Medicine, 30, 395-401.

World Health Organization. (2016). Global Report on diabetes. Erişim tarihi: 23.09.2023

Yates, T., Jarvis, J., Troughton, J., Davies, M.J. (2009). Preventing type 2 diabetes:applying the evidence in nursing practice. Nurs Times, 105(41), 10-14.



How to Cite

RASHİDİ, M., & KISKAÇ, N. (2023). Determination of The Relationshıp Between Self-Management Perception and Health Status of Indivıduals With Diabetes. GEVHER NESIBE JOURNAL OF MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES, 8(4), 1184–1190.