Plagiarism Policy

Ethical Principles and Publication Policy

It is essential that the authors comply with national and international ethical guidelines and obtain permission from the relevant ethical committees for research conducted in humans or animals. Compliance of the articles with scientific and ethical rules is the responsibility of the authors. Ethics committee permissions are not requested for every article. It is requested for articles that “require ethics committee approval”.


It is aimed that all stakeholders (author, editor, referee, publisher and reader) who present a scientific study contribute to the correct progress of science. Compliance with scientific ethical principles is important in scientific studies prepared in accordance with this goal. These ethical principles have been accepted by us on the basis of the directive prepared by COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics), and some of them are presented below, with suggestions for adoption by stakeholders.

Ethical Responsibilities of Authors

To ensure the accuracy of the data related to the study, to keep the records of the research in order and to be able to access this data upon possible request.
Making sure that the article he submits is not published or accepted elsewhere.
If the content it offers matches the published or submitted content, accept this conflict and cite, if necessary, provide the editor with a copy of any work that may have similar content related to his work, obtain permission to reproduce or use any content from other sources, show attribution.
Ensuring compliance with national and international laws and guidelines for all studies involving human or animal subjects (for example, WMA Declaration of Helsinki, NIH Policy on the Use of Laboratory Animals, EU Directive on the Use of Animals), confirming that necessary approvals have been obtained, and respecting subject privacy. To indicate the relevant ethics committee approvals and research details of the study in the "Materials and Methods" section of the study.
In case of any conflict of interest, when he/she detects an ethical violation regarding his/her article, to share it with the editor and publisher, to issue an error statement, addendum, compensation notice or to withdraw the work when deemed necessary.

Ethical Duties and Responsibilities of Editors

To act in a balanced, objective and fair manner in the performance of their duties without any discrimination, including gender, religious or political beliefs, ethnic or geographical origin of the authors.
Evaluating the works submitted to the journal according to their content, not giving any privilege to any author.
To take necessary measures to prevent possible conflicts of interest and to evaluate existing statements, if any.
Treating sponsored works or studies on special subjects in the same way as other studies,
In case of an ethical violation complaint, to follow the necessary procedures by adhering to the journal's policies and procedures. To give the authors an opportunity to respond to the complaint, not to avoid the necessary sanctions, regardless of who the work belongs to.
To reject the incoming study if it is not suitable for the purpose and scope of the journal.

Ethical Responsibilities of Referees

To review the article in a timely manner objectively and to agree to consider only studies related to the area of ​​expertise, in order to contribute to the editor's decision-making process.
To make the evaluation objectively only in relation to the content of the study. To evaluate the work without considering religious, political and economic interests.
To provide directions that will help improve the quality of the article to be published and to examine the study meticulously. To convey his comments to the author in a constructive and kind language.
To protect the confidentiality of the information provided by the editor and the author, to destroy the study after the evaluation process in accordance with the confidentiality principle, to notify the editor if there is a situation contrary to blind refereeing and not to evaluate the study.
Be aware of potential conflicts of interest (financial, corporate, collaborative, or other relationships between author and author) and alert the editor to withdraw their assistance for this article if necessary.

Publisher's Ethical Responsibilities

The publisher, one of the stakeholders involved in a scientific study, should also act within the scope of all these ethical principles.
The publisher is obliged to use its communication power without any personal interest and to direct its target audience correctly.
It protects the property and copyright of every work published in it and undertakes the task of archiving every published product.
People should not hesitate to contact the publisher when they encounter an unethical situation.

Some of the actions considered to be against scientific research and publication ethics:

Plagiarism: To present the original ideas, methods, data or works of others as one's own work, in whole or in part, without citing scientific rules,

Fraud: Using non-existent or falsified data in scientific research,

Distortion: To falsify research records or data obtained, to present devices or materials that are not used in the research as if they were used, to falsify or shape research results in line with the interests of the people and institutions that receive support,

Republishing: To present its repetitive publications as separate publications in academic appointments and promotions,

Slicing: Dissecting the results of a research in a way that violates the integrity of the research and publishing it in more than one issue, and presenting these publications as separate publications in academic appointments and promotions,

Unfair authorship: Include people who do not have an active contribution among the authors or not include those who do, change the order of authors unjustifiably and inappropriately, remove the names of those who contributed actively from the work in subsequent editions, have their name included among the authors by using their influence, even though they have no active contribution,

In addition, not specifying the people, institutions or organizations that support them and their contributions in the publications made as a result of research carried out with support,

Using the thesis or studies that have not yet been presented or defended and accepted as a source without the permission of the owner,

Failure to comply with ethical rules in research on humans and animals, not respecting patient rights in their publications, harming animal health and ecological balance, not obtaining necessary permissions,

To misuse the resources, places, facilities and devices provided or allocated for scientific research,

Making false or misleading statements regarding scientific research and publications in academic appointments and promotions,

Plagiarism Policy

Plagiarism, whether intentional or not, is an ethical violation. Similarity of studies with other sources without reference and publishing them in this form is not only unethical, but also a crime and unacceptable.

The Editorial Board can act in accordance with the COPE rules in the face of allegations and suspicions of plagiarism, citation manipulation and data fraud regarding the studies submitted to the journal.

Articles with an Ithenticate/Turnitin similarity index of more than 20% excluding references, works that do not have ethics committee approval and whose copyright transfer form is not signed by all authors are not considered for publication in our journal.

Resources used in the preparation and adoption of policies:

Budapest Open Access Declaration

ICMJE (International Committee of Medical Journal Editors)

Creative Commons

COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics)

Journal of Education and Science Editorial Policies

DOAJ Principles Of Transparency And Best Practice In Scholarly Publishing, Version 3

YÖK Scientific Research and Publication Ethics Directive