Psychological Resillience in Pregnancy, Childbirth and Parenting Processes
Abstract views: 58 / PDF downloads: 32
Keywords:Childbirth, Parenting, Pregnancy, Psychological Resillience
There are many physiological and psychosocial changes in pregnancy, childbirth and parenting processes. These changes can lead to changes in the psychological stress responses of women in the face of challenging situations. Psychological resillience, which is among the dimensions of positive psychology and a concept that can be developed, is a dynamic process that represents the capacity of individuals to adapt in the face of negative and challenging situations and the mechanisms of effective coping with difficulties. Psychological resillience is seen as a protective factor that reduces the negative effects of stress during pregnancy, childbirth and parenting processes. It is known that fear of childbirth, postpartum depression, post-traumatic stress disorder associated with childbirth are less common in women with a high level of psychological resillience, while the level of self-efficacy increases in childbirth. With this review, it is aimed to draw attention to the importance of psychological resillience during pregnancy and childbirth and to raise awareness on this issue.
Aburn, G., Gott, M., & Hoare, K. (2016). What is resilience? An integrative review of the empirical literature. Journal of advanced nursing, 72(5), 980-1000.
Akbarı, Z., Vafaeı, T., & Khosravı, S. A. (2011). Relationship between attachment styles and the resiliency amount of veterans wives.
Arslan, G. (2015). Yetişkin Psikolojik Sağlamlık Ölçeği’nin (YPSÖ) psikometrik özellikleri: Geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması. Ege Eğitim Dergisi, 344-357.
Atkinson, P. A., Martin, C. R., & Rankin, J. (2009). Resilience revisited. Journal of psychiatric and mental health nursing, 16(2), 137-145.
American Psychological Association (2017). The road to resilience. Online Erişim Tarihi: 02.04.2023
Ayers, S., Bond, R., Bertullies, S., & Wijma, K. (2016). The aetiology of post-traumatic stress following childbirth: a meta-analysis and theoretical framework. Psychological medicine, 46(6), 1121-1134.
Bahadır Yılmaz, E., & Şahin, E. (2019). Gebelerin prenatal sıkıntı düzeyleri ile ilişkili faktörler. Psikiyatri Hemşireliği Dergisi, 10(3), 197-203.
Baraitser, L., & Noack, A. (2007). Mother courage: Reflections on maternal resilience. British Journal of Psychotherapy, 23(2), 171-188.
Basim, H. N., & Cetin, F. (2011). The reliability and validity of the Resilience Scale for Adults-Turkish Version. Turk Psikiyatri Derg, 22(2), 104.
Beck, C. T. (2001). Predictors of postpartum depression: an update. Nursing research, 50(5), 275-285.
Bhatia, N., Chao, S. M., Higgins, C., Patel, S., & Crespi, C. M. (2015). Association of mothers’ perception of neighborhood quality and maternal resilience with risk of preterm birth. International journal of environmental research and public health, 12(8), 9427-9443.
Boakye-Yiadom, A., Shittu, S. O., Dutt, J. B., Dapare, P. P. M., & Alhassan, A. (2015). Perceived stress and anxiety among Ghanaian pregnant women. Journal of Medical and Biomedical Sciences, 4(2), 29-37.
Brown, A., Nielsen, J. D. J., Russo, K., Ayers, S., & Webb, R. (2022). The journey towards resilience following a traumatic birth: a grounded theory. Midwifery, 104, 103204.
Bussieres, E. L., Tarabulsy, G. M., Pearson, J., Tessier, R., Forest, J. C., & Giguere, Y. (2015). Maternal prenatal stress and infant birth weight and gestational age: A meta-analysis of prospective studies. Developmental Review, 36, 179-199.
Cao-Lei, L., De Rooij, S. R., King, S., Matthews, S. G., Metz, G. A. S., Roseboom, T. J., & Szyf, M. (2020). Prenatal stress and epigenetics. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 117, 198-210.
Caparros-Gonzalez, R. A., Romero-Gonzalez, B., Strivens-Vilchez, H., Gonzalez-Perez, R., Martinez-Augustin, O., & Peralta-Ramirez, M. I. (2017). Hair cortisol levels, psychological stress and psychopathological symptoms as predictors of postpartum depression. PloS one, 12(8), e0182817.
Connor, K. M., & Davidson, J. R. (2003). Development of a new resilience scale: The Connor‐Davidson resilience scale (CD‐RISC). Depression and anxiety, 18(2), 76-82.
del Campo, C. M. Z. M., Guarner-Catalá, C. V., & Guarner-Lans, V. (2019). Early Programming during Attachment Development and its Relevance for Risk/Resilience of Neuropsychiatric and Cardiometabolic Diseases during Adulthood. Journal of Psychiatry and Psychiatric Disorders, 3(4), 149-167
Doğan, T. (2015). Kısa psikolojik sağlamlık ölçeği’nin Türkçe uyarlaması: Geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması. The Journal of Happiness & Well-Being, 3(1), 93-102.0.
Durak, M. (2002). Predictive role of hardiness on psychological symtomatology of university students experienced earthquake. Yayınlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Ankara.
Ersin, Kavi., Karakale, B. ÇALIŞAN PSİKOLOJİSİ AÇISINDAN PSİKOLOJİK DAYANIKLILIK. Hak İş Uluslararası Emek ve Toplum Dergisi, 7(17), 55-77.
Felder, J. N., Laraia, B., Coleman-Phox, K., Bush, N., Suresh, M., Thomas, M., ... & Prather, A. A. (2018). Poor sleep quality, psychological distress, and the buffering effect of mindfulness training during pregnancy. Behavioral sleep medicine, 16(6), 611-624.
Filgueiras, J. C., & Hippert, M. I. S. (1999). A polêmica em torno do conceito de estresse. Psicologia: ciência e profissão, 19, 40-51.
Friborg, O., Hjemdal, O., Rosenvinge, J. H., & Martinussen, M. (2003). A new rating scale for adult resilience: what are the central protective resources behind healthy adjustment?. International journal of methods in psychiatric research, 12(2), 65-76.
Gagnon, A. J., & Stewart, D. E. (2014). Resilience in international migrant women following violence associated with pregnancy. Archives of women's mental health, 17, 303-310.
García-León, M. Á., Caparrós-González, R. A., Romero-González, B., González-Perez, R., & Peralta-Ramírez, I. (2019). Resilience as a protective factor in pregnancy and puerperium: Its relationship with the psychological state, and with Hair Cortisol Concentrations. Midwifery, 75, 138-145.
Glover, V. (2014). Maternal depression, anxiety and stress during pregnancy and child outcome; what needs to be done. Best practice & research Clinical obstetrics & gynaecology, 28(1), 25-35.
Hu, T., Zhang, D., & Wang, J. (2015). A meta-analysis of the trait resilience and mental health. Personality and Individual differences, 76, 18-27.
Huang, J., Huang, J., Li, Y., & Liao, B. (2021). The prevalence and predictors of fear of childbirth among pregnant Chinese women: a hierarchical regression analysis. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 21(1), 1-10.
Joyce, S., Shand, F., Tighe, J., Laurent, S. J., Bryant, R. A., & Harvey, S. B. (2018). Road to resilience: a systematic review and meta-analysis of resilience training programmes and interventions. BMJ open, 8(6), e017858.
Julian, M., Le, H. N., Coussons-Read, M., Hobel, C. J., & Schetter, C. D. (2021). The moderating role of resilience resources in the association between stressful life events and symptoms of postpartum depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 293, 261-267.
Karakuş, S., & Akbay, S. E. (2020). Psikolojik esneklik ölçeği: Uyarlama, geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması. Mersin Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 16(1), 32-43.
Kashdan, T. B., & Ciarrochi, J. V. (Eds.). (2013). Mindfulness, acceptance, and positive psychology: The seven foundations of well-being. New Harbinger Publications.
Kaye, D. K., Kakaire, O., Nakimuli, A., Mbalinda, S. N., Osinde, M. O., & Kakande, N. (2014). Survivors’ understanding of vulnerability and resilience to maternal near-miss obstetric events in Uganda. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, 127(3), 265-268.
Lara-Cinisomo, S., McKenney, K., Di Florio, A., & Meltzer-Brody, S. (2017). Associations between postpartum depression, breastfeeding, and oxytocin levels in Latina mothers. Breastfeeding Medicine, 12(7), 436-442.
Li, G., Kong, L., Zhou, H., Kang, X., Fang, Y., & Li, P. (2016). Relationship between prenatal maternal stress and sleep quality in Chinese pregnant women: the mediation effect of resilience. Sleep medicine, 25, 8-12.
Ma, R., Yang, F., Zhang, L., Sznajder, K. K., Zou, C., Jia, Y., ... & Yang, X. (2021). Resilience mediates the effect of self-efficacy on symptoms of prenatal anxiety among pregnant women: a nationwide smartphone cross-sectional study in China. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 21(1), 1-9.
Ma XM, Wang Y, Hu H, Tao XGG, Zhang YH, Shi HJ. The impact of resilience on prenatal anxiety and depression among pregnant women in Shanghai. J Affect Disord. 2019;250:57–64.
Manzari, N., Matvienko-Sikar, K., Baldoni, F., O’Keeffe, G. W., & Khashan, A. S. (2019). Prenatal maternal stress and risk of neurodevelopmental disorders in the offspring: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology, 54, 1299-1309.
Mei, X., Mei, R., Liu, Y., Wang, X., Chen, Q., Lei, Y., & Ye, Z. (2022). Associations among fear of childbirth, resilience and psychological distress in pregnant women: A response surface analysis and moderated mediation model. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 13.
Newman, R. (2005). APA's resilience initiative. Professional psychology: research and practice, 36(3), 227.
Nie, C., Dai, Q., Zhao, R., Dong, Y., Chen, Y., & Ren, H. (2017). The impact of resilience on psychological outcomes in women with threatened premature labor and spouses: a cross-sectional study in Southwest China. Health and quality of life outcomes, 15(1), 1-10.
Nishi, D., & Usuda, K. (2017). Psychological growth after childbirth: An exploratory prospective study. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics & Gynecology, 38(2), 87-93.
Noroozi, M., Gholami, M., & Mohebbi-Dehnavi, Z. (2020). The relationship between hope and resilience with promoting maternal attachment to the fetus during pregnancy. Journal of Education and Health Promotion, 9.
Orr ST, Blazer DG, James SA, Reiter JP. Depressive symptoms and indicators of maternal health status during pregnancy. J Women's Health. 2007;16:535-542.
Oyetunji, A., & Chandra, P. (2020). Postpartum stress and infant outcome: A review of current literature. Psychiatry research, 284, 112769.
Özbey, S. (2019). Okul öncesi çocuklar için sosyal duygusal iyi oluş ve psikolojik sağlamlık ölçeğinin (PERİK) geçerlik güvenirlik çalışması. OPUS International Journal of Society Researches, 10(17), 756-786.
Öztürk, E. A. G. (2017). Gebelikte Depresyon Belirtilerinin Ortaya Çıkmasında Psikososyal Faktörlerin Ve Kişilerin Psikolojik Dayanıklılığının Etkileri. Yayınlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi. Beykent Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü.
Patel, V., Saxena, S., Lund, C., Thornicroft, G., Baingana, F., Bolton, P., ... & UnÜtzer, J. (2018). The Lancet Commission on global mental health and sustainable development. The lancet, 392(10157), 1553-1598.
Priya, A., Chaturvedi, S., Bhasin, S. K., Bhatia, M. S., & Radhakrishnan, G. (2018). Depression, anxiety and stress among pregnant women: A community-based study. Indian journal of psychiatry, 60(1), 151.
Romero-Gonzalez, B., Caparros-Gonzalez, R. A., Gonzalez-Perez, R., Delgado-Puertas, P., & Peralta-Ramirez, M. I. (2018). Newborn infants’ hair cortisol levels reflect chronic maternal stress during pregnancy. PLoS One, 13(7), e0200279.
Rossman, B., Greene, M. M., Kratovil, A. L., & Meier, P. P. (2017). Resilience in mothers of very-low-birth-weight infants hospitalized in the NICU. Journal of obstetric, gynecologic & neonatal nursing, 46(3), 434-445.
Rutter, M. (2012). Resilience as a dynamic concept. Development and psychopathology, 24(2), 335-344.
Shay, M., MacKinnon, A. L., Metcalfe, A., Giesbrecht, G., Campbell, T., Nerenberg, K., ... & Tomfohr-Madsen, L. (2020). Depressed mood and anxiety as risk factors for hypertensive disorders of pregnancy: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Psychological Medicine, 50(13), 2128-2140.
Sheerin, C. M., Lind, M. J., Brown, E. A., Gardner, C. O., Kendler, K. S., & Amstadter, A. B. (2018). The impact of resilience and subsequent stressful life events on MDD and GAD. Depression and anxiety, 35(2), 140-147.
Srivastava, S., Gupta, A., Bhatnagar, A., & Dutta, S. (2014). Effect of very early skin to skin contact on success at breastfeeding and preventing early hypothermia in neonates. Indian journal of public health, 58(1), 22.
Staneva, A., Bogossian, F., Pritchard, M., & Wittkowski, A. (2015). The effects of maternal depression, anxiety, and perceived stress during pregnancy on preterm birth: A systematic review. Women and birth, 28(3), 179-193.
Sahin, B. (2022). Predicting Maternal Attachment: The Role of Emotion Regulation And Resilience During Pregnancy. J. Basic Clin. Health Sci., 6, 105-115.
Teixeira, C., Figueiredo, B., Conde, A., Pacheco, A., & Costa, R. (2009). Anxiety and depression during pregnancy in women and men. Journal of affective disorders, 119(1-3), 142-148.
Verner, G., Epel, E., Lahti-Pulkkinen, M., Kajantie, E., Buss, C., Lin, J., ... & Entringer, S. (2021). Maternal psychological resilience during pregnancy and newborn telomere length: a prospective study. American Journal of Psychiatry, 178(2), 183-192.
Wei, Y., McGrath, P. J., Hayden, J., & Kutcher, S. (2015). Mental health literacy measures evaluating knowledge, attitudes and help-seeking: a scoping review. BMC psychiatry, 15(1), 1-20.
Windle, G. (2011). What is resilience? A review and concept analysis. Reviews in clinical gerontology, 21(2), 152-169.
World Health Organization. (2012). Mental health and pyschosocial support for conflict-related sexual violence: principles and interventions: summary (No. WHO/RHR/HRP/12.18). World Health Organization.
Yildiz, P. D., Ayers, S., & Phillips, L. (2017). The prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder in pregnancy and after birth: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of affective disorders, 208, 634-645.
Young, C., Roberts, R., & Ward, L. (2019). Application of resilience theories in the transition to parenthood: A scoping review. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 37(2), 139-160.
YL, Qian XF, Liu GH. The Mediating Role of Psychological Resilience for Mindfulness and Anxiety and Depression among Women in the Pregnancy Termination for Fetal Abnormality. Nurs. Chinese People's Liberation. Army. 2017;34(20):25–28. (in Chinese). doi: https://doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1008-9993.2017.20.006.
Young, C., Ayers, S. (2021). Risk and resilience in pregnancy and birth. Multisystemic Resilience: Adaptation and Transformation in Contexts of Change; Ungar, M., Ed, 57-7
Young, C., Roberts, R., & Ward, L. (2021). Enhancing resilience in the transition to parenthood: A thematic analysis of parents’ perspectives. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 39(4), 358-370.
Zeng W, Chen Zhang, L., Yang, X., Zhao, J., Zhang, W., Cui, C., Yang, F., ... & Jia, Y. (2020). Prevalence of prenatal depression among pregnant women and the importance of resilience: a multi-site questionnaire-based survey in Mainland China. Frontiers in psychiatry, 11, 374.
Zeng, Y., Li, Y., Xia, H., Wang, S., Zhou, J., & Chen, D. (2017). Retinoids, anxiety and peripartum depressive symptoms among Chinese women: a prospective cohort study. BMC psychiatry, 17, 1-6
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 GEVHER NESIBE JOURNAL OF MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.