Turkish Validity-Reliability Study Of The COVID-19 Preventive Behaviors Index
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Keywords:COVID-19 fear, , COVID-19 Preventive Behaviors Index, Reliability, Validity
Aim: In this study, it is aimed to adapt the Covid-19 Preventive Behaviors Index (CPBI) into Turkish and analyze its validity and reliability.
Method: The study is descriptive, correlational, and methodological design. Research data were collected online from 236 people aged 18 and over living in Turkey. SPSS v.26.0 and AMOS v.26.0 package programs were used in the analysis of the research data. Language equivalence, content validity, construct validity, internal consistency, item-total correlations, test-retest reliability, 27% lower-upper group item comparisons and criterion-dependent validity of CPBI was examined.
Results: As a result of the exploratory factor analysis, it was determined that 8 items in the index were collected in a single factor and explained 47,234% of the total variance. As a result of the confirmatory factor analysis, it was seen that the one-dimensional structure of the index consisting of 8 items had acceptable fit index values. The Cronbach's Alpha coefficient of the index is 0.833 and has a high level of reliability. In addition, the item-total correlations of the index ranged from 0.466 to 0.747, and a significant difference was found in the 27% lower and upper groups in the averages of the items in the index.
Conclusion: Our study showed that the 8-item, one-dimensional CODI is a valid and reliable index to measure the probability of individuals to engage in Covid-19 preventive behaviors.
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