Examination of The Level of Compassion in Nurses and Nursing Students


Abstract views: 333 / PDF downloads: 265

Authors

  • Özden Güdük Yüksek İhtisas Üniversitesi
  • Özlem Özaydın
  • Ayten Vural

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7133620

Keywords:

Care, Compassion , Hospital, Nurse, Student

Abstract

Objective: It was aimed to examine the compassion level of nurses and nursing department students. In addition, the relationship between the compassion levels of nurses and nursing students and their sociodemographic and working characteristics is revealed.

Method: This cross-sectional study was implemented in a public hospital and a university providing undergraduate nursing education in Istanbul. The “Compassion Scale” and a questionnaire consisting of sociodemographic data were used as data collection tools. Data were collected through an online questionnaire from 165 nurses and 105 students who volunteered to participate in the study. Mann Whitney U test and Kruskal Wallis tests were used in the analyses. Statistical significance was accepted as p<0.05.

Results: There is a significant difference between the compassion level of nursing students and nurses; students have a higher level of compassion. Among the nurses, compassion level is higher for older, married, female, have no children, and have a longer total working time. There is a difference in the sub-dimensions of disconnection and dismissal based on the class of education of nursing students.

Conclucions: It is seen the level of compassion is high as the pre-professional and professional working years progress, but it is low in the first years of stepping into the profession. For this reason, studies to increase the level of compassion in new nurses are recommended. Nurses should be supported on issues such as; empathy, communication, and coping with difficult patients. And the concept of compassion should be addressed in human resources practices in hospitals.

References

Akdeniz, S., Deniz, M. (2016). Merhamet ölçeği’nin Türkçeye uyarlanması: geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması. The Journal of Happiness ve Well-Being, 4(1), 50-61.

Alharbi, J., Jackson, D., Usher, K. (2019). Compassion fatigue in critical care nurses an integrative review of the literatüre. Saudi Med J, 40 (11), 1087-1097.

Cinar, F., Capar, H. (2019). An investigation of the compassion levels of health professionals candidates. IJMHS 9 (7), 514–522.

Çınar, F., Eti Aslan, F. (2018). Ameliyathane hemşirelerinin merhamet düzeylerinin ölçülmesi: türkçe geçerlilik ve güvenilirlik çalışması. Kocaeli Med J, 7(3), 222-229.

Çıray Gündüzoğlu, N., Akın Korhan, E., Kuzeyli Yıldırım, Y., Şenuzun Aykar, F., Üstün, Ç. (2019). Hemşirelik öğrencilerinde merhamet düzeyi. Journal of Human Rhythm, 5(2), 104-116.

Çingöl, N., Çelebi, E., Zengin, S., Karakaş, M. (2018). Bir sağlık yüksekokulu hemşirelik bölümü öğrencilerinin merhamet düzeylerinin incelenmesi. Klinik Psikiyatri, 21, 61-67. Doı: 10.5505/Kpd.2018.65487

Dietze E. V., Orb A. (2000). Compassionate care: A moral dimension of nursing, nursing inquiry, 7(3), 166-174.

Durkin, M., Gurbutt, R., Carson, J. (2018). Qualities, teaching, and measurement of compassion in nursing: A systematic review. Nurse education today, 63, 50-58.

Erdem, Ö., Koçak Uyaroğlu, A. (2021). Hemodiyaliz hemşirelerinde merhamet düzeyi ve ilişkili faktörler. Online Türk Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, 6(2), 207-215. Doi: 10.26453/Otjhs.842847

Eric B. L., Xin Y. (2005). Clinical empathy as emotional labor in thepatient– physician relationship. Jama, Usa 9: 1100-1116.

Karadağ Arlı, Ş., Bakan A.B. (2018). Cerrahi hemşirelerde merhamet ve kültürlerarası duyarlılığı etkileyen faktörler. Sürekli Tıp Eğitimi Dergisi, 27(4), 277-283.

Maxwell, E. (2017). Perspectives: The primacy of compassion in nursing, necessary but not sufficient?. Journal of Research in Nursing, 22(1-2), 169-172.

Nijboer, A. A., Van der Cingel, M. C. (2018). Compassion: Use it or lose it?: A study into the perceptions of novice nurses on compassion: A qualitative approach. Nurse education today, 72, 84-89.

Orhan, E. (2021). Pediatri ünitelerinde çalışan hemşirelerin duyarlı sevgi düzeyleri ile merhamet düzeyleri arasındaki ilişki. İstanbul Medipol Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Yüksek Lisans Tezi. İstanbul.

Özan, A. (2019). Yoğun bakım hemşirelerinde merhametin ve merhamet yorgunluğunun belirlenmesi. Atatürk Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü. İç Hastalıkları Hemşireliği Anabilim Dalı Yüksek Lisans Tezi. Erzurum.

Pakiş Çetin, S., Çevik, K. (2021). Hemşirelik öğrencilerinin bireyselleştirilmiş bakım algıları ile merhamet düzeyi arasındaki ilişki. Ankara Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, 10(1), 57-70.

Pehlivan, T., Güner, P. (2020). Merhametli bakım: Yararları, engeller ve öneriler. J Psychiatric Nurs, 11(2), 148-153.

Pommier, E. A. (2011). The compassion scale. dissertation abstracts international section A: Humanities And Social Sciences, 72, 1174.

Shih, C.Y., Hu W.Y., Lee L.T., Yao C.A., Chen C.Y., Chiu T.Y. (2013). Effect of a compassion-focused training program in palliative care education for medical students. Am J Hosp Palliat Care, 30(2), 114-20. Doi: 10.1177/1049909112445463. Epub 2012 May 14. Pmıd: 22584149.

Süzen, H., Çevik, K. (2020). Hemşirelerin profesyonel değerleri ile merhamet ve sabır düzeyleri arasındaki ilişki. Türkiye Klinikleri Hemşirelik Bilimleri, 12(4).

Tanrıkulu, G., Ceylan, B. (2021). Çocuk kliniklerinde çalışan hemşirelerde merhamet düzeyi ve merhamet yorgunluğu. Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, 30(1), 31-36.

Türk Dil Kurumu. Erişim: Https://Sozluk.Gov.Tr/. Erişim Tarihi: 20.10.2021

Younas, A., Maddigan, J. (2019). Proposing a policy framework for nursing education for fostering compassion in nursing students: A critical review. Journal of advanced nursing, 75(8), 1621-1636.

Published

2022-10-03

How to Cite

Güdük, Özden, Özaydın, Özlem, & Vural, A. (2022). Examination of The Level of Compassion in Nurses and Nursing Students. GEVHER NESIBE JOURNAL OF MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES, 7(20), 158–168. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7133620

Issue

Section

Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)