Investigation of Frequency of Anemia in Early Pregnancy
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Keywords:Anemia, Iron-Deficiency Anemia, Pregnancy
Objective: Anemia is one of the most important problems in pregnancy and it has been reported that it can adversely affect the pregnancy process. It is one of the most common health problems in developing countries and our region. Anemia not only increases maternal morbidity, but also increases the risk of poor pregnancy outcomes such as fetal growth restriction, preterm labor, low birth weight, preeclampsia, and eclampsia. In this study, we aimed to calculate the frequency of anemia, which may lead to serious conditions in terms of mother and fetus, in pregnant women in early pregnancy diagnosed in Gynecology and Obstetrics Clinic
Material and Methods: This study is a retrospective study, and 1845 pregnant women who were diagnosed for the first time for their pregnancy in Elazig Fethi Sekin City Hospital Gynecology and Obstetrics Clinic between 1 June 2019 and 1 June 2020 were included in the study. Age, parity and complete blood count values taken at the time of diagnosis of all cases were retrospectively analyzed and recorded. Necessary permissions for the study were obtained from the Firat University Local Ethics Committee.
Results: 1845 newly diagnosed cases in the gynecology and obstetrics clinic were included in the study. While the rate of anemic patients was 24.5%, 83.3% of anemic patients were evaluated as mildly anemic and 16.6% as moderately anemic. No case with severe or severe anemia was observed.
Conclusion: In this study, the prevalence of anemia was below the Turkey average. It is pleasing that there were no cases with severe or severe anemia in our study. It is recommended to conduct prospective and multicenter studies in order to take successful steps to prevent anemia.
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