Investigation of Frequency of Anemia in Early Pregnancy


Abstract views: 115 / PDF downloads: 73

Authors

  • Cengiz ŞANLI Elazığ Fethi Sekin Şehir Hastanesi

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7922141

Keywords:

Anemia, Iron-Deficiency Anemia, Pregnancy

Abstract

Objective: Anemia is one of the most important problems in pregnancy and it has been reported that it can adversely affect the pregnancy process. It is one of the most common health problems in developing countries and our region. Anemia not only increases maternal morbidity, but also increases the risk of poor pregnancy outcomes such as fetal growth restriction, preterm labor, low birth weight, preeclampsia, and eclampsia. In this study, we aimed to calculate the frequency of anemia, which may lead to serious conditions in terms of mother and fetus, in pregnant women in early pregnancy diagnosed in Gynecology and Obstetrics Clinic

Material and Methods: This study is a retrospective study, and 1845 pregnant women who were diagnosed for the first time for their pregnancy in Elazig Fethi Sekin City Hospital Gynecology and Obstetrics Clinic between 1 June 2019 and 1 June 2020 were included in the study. Age, parity and complete blood count values taken at the time of diagnosis of all cases were retrospectively analyzed and recorded. Necessary permissions for the study were obtained from the Firat University Local Ethics Committee.

Results: 1845 newly diagnosed cases in the gynecology and obstetrics clinic were included in the study. While the rate of anemic patients was 24.5%, 83.3% of anemic patients were evaluated as mildly anemic and 16.6% as moderately anemic. No case with severe or severe anemia was observed.

Conclusion: In this study, the prevalence of anemia was below the Turkey average. It is pleasing that there were no cases with severe or severe anemia in our study. It is recommended to conduct prospective and multicenter studies in order to take successful steps to prevent anemia.

References

Atabay B, Gül A, Yaprak I, Umay F, Türker M. (2005) Düşük gelirli gebelerde termde demir durumu. Türk Hematoloji Dergisi; 22: 226–7.

Baraka MA, Steurbaut S, Laubach M, Coomans D, Dupont AG.(2012) Ironstatus, iron supplementation and anemia in pregnancy: ethnic differences. Journal of Maternal-Fetaland Neonatal Medicine,; 25, 1305-10.

Bhandal N, Russell R. (2006) Intravenous versus oral iron therapy for postpartum anaemia. BJOG: An İnternational Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology ; 113:1248–52.

Bothwell TH. (2000) Iron requirements in pregnancy and strategies to meet them. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, ; 72:257-64.

Bucak FK, Özcanarslan F, Demir M.(2017) Şanlıurfa Kadın Hastalıkları ve Doğum Hastanesine başvuran gebelerde anemi sıklığı ve ilişkili faktörler. Sağlık Akademisyenleri Dergisi; 4: 103-9.

CDC (1989) criteria for anemia in children and childbearing-aged women. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 38: 400.

Centers for Disease Control (1990). Anemia during pregnancy in low-income women. United states MMWR; 39: 73.

Çelik Kavak E, Kavak SB.(2017) İlimizde term gebeliklerde anemi prevalansı, anne yaşı ve parite arasındaki ilişki. Perinatoloji Dergisi ; 25: 6-10.

Davas I, Marangoz D, Varolan A, Akyol A, Baksu B.(2008) Gebelikte değişik seviyelerdeki anemilerde demir alınımının maternal, doğum ve perinatal sonuçlara etkileri. Journal of Turkish Society of Obstetric and Gynecology ;5:174-81.

Dündar Ö, Çiftpınar T, Tütüncü L, Ergür AR. (2010) İkinci trimester maternal hemoglobin seviyesinin doğum ağırlığı ve haftasına etkisi. Balkan Tıp Dergisi ; 27: 156-60.

Eraslan Şahin M, Çöl Madendağ İ. (2019) The role of intravenous iron sucrose treatment in patients with iron deficiency anemia in pregnancy: A prospective controlled cohort study. J Surg Med; 3(1), 78-81.

Erdem Ö, Bucaktepe G, Kara İH. (2009) Aile hekimliği polikliniğine başvuran kadınlarda demir eksikliği anemisi ve gestasyon öyküsü ilişkisi. Dicle Tıp Dergisi; 36: 123–6.

Erduran E. Türkiye’de Demir Eksikliği Anemisi ve Güncel Yaklaşım. 36. Hematoloji Kongresi (2010).

Juul S, E, Derman R, J, Auerbach M (2019) Perinatal Iron Deficiency: Implications for Mothers and Infants. Neonatology ;115:269-274.

Levy A, Fraser D, Katz M, Mazor M, Sheiner E. (2005) Maternal anemia during pregnancy is an independent risk factor for low birthweight and preterm delivery. Europian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Reproductive Biology,; 122: 182-6.

Lone FW, Qureshi RN, Emmanuel F.(2004) Maternal anaemia and its impact on perinatal outcome in a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal; 10: 801-7.

Milman N. (2011) Postpartum anemia I: definition, prevalence, causes and consequences. Annals of Hematology;90:1247-53.

Naik RP, Lanzkron S. (2012) Baby on board: what you need to about pregnancy in the hemoglobinopathies. Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program:208-14.

Peña-Rosas JP, De-Regil LM, Dowswell T, Viteri FE. (2012) Intermittent oral iron-supplementation during pregnancy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev.; 7:CD009997.

Pirinçci E, Açık Y, Bostancı M, Eren S, Beritanlı H. (2001) Elazığ ilinde yaşayan gebelerde anemi prevalansı. Fırat Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Tıp Dergisi; 15: 449–54.

Sak ME, Özkul Ö, Evsen MS, Sak S, Evliyaoglu O. (2009) Gebelik anemisinin perinatal sonuçlara etkisi. Dicle Tıp Dergisi; 36: 39-42.

Tunç SY, Görük NY, Ceylan B, Tunç N. (2012)The relationship between gestation and iron deficiency anemia in women applied to obstetrics and gynecology outpatient clinic. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Investigations ;3:49-52.

WHO. www.who.int/data/gho/data/themes/topics/indicator-groups/indicator-group-details/GHO/prevalence-of-anaemia-in-women. Erişim Ocak 2021.

Yakoop MY, Bhutto ZA. (2011) Effect on routine Iran supplementation with or without folic asit on anemia during pregnancy. BMC public Health; 11: 521.

Published

2023-05-12

How to Cite

ŞANLI, C. (2023). Investigation of Frequency of Anemia in Early Pregnancy. GEVHER NESIBE JOURNAL OF MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES, 8(2), 322–326. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7922141

Issue

Section

Articles