The Effect of Psychoeducation on Fear of Birth and Anxiety Symptoms in Pregnant Women: A Meta-Analysis


Abstract views: 358 / PDF downloads: 141

Authors

  • Tuğba SARI yozgat şehir hastanesi
  • Nermin GÜRHAN tokat gaziosmanpaşa üniversitesi

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10611839

Keywords:

Anxiety, Fear of Childbirth, Meta Analysis, Psychoeducation Intervention

Abstract

Bu çalışma, gebelere yönelik uygulanan psikoeğitimsel müdahalelerin anksiyete semptomlarının ve doğum korkusunun azalması üzerindeki etkisini ortaya koymayı amaçlamıştır. Bu meta-analiz çalışması için Ekim 2022-Ocak 2023 tarihleri arasında herhangi bir yıl sınırlaması olmadan PubMed, EBSCOhost, Web of Science, YÖK Tez Merkezi ve Google Scholar veri tabanları tarandı ve 10 çalışma bu meta analize dahil edildi. Veriler meta-analiz ve öyküsel anlatım yöntemleriyle sentezlendi. Bu meta-analiz, doğum korkusu yaşayan kadınlara uygulanan eğitim müdahalelerinin gebelerde doğum korkusunun azalması üzerinde etkili olduğunu göstermiştir (SMD: -0.749, %95 CI: (-1.021)-(-0.478), Z: -5.411, p: 0.002, I2: %73.819). Psikoeğitimsel müdahalelerin gebelerin yaşadığı anksiyete semptomları üzerinde müdahale grubu lehine anlamlı bir etkiye sahipti ve çalışmalar arasında yüksek heterojenite vardı (SMD: -0.862, %95 CI: (-1.319)- (-0.404), Z: -3.690, p = 0.000,  I2= %80.755). Alt grup analizlerinde, müdahale türlerinin hem anksiyete semptomlarının hem de doğum korkusunun azalmasında etkili olduğu belirlenmiştir. Doğum korkusu ve anksiyete semptomları yaşayan kadınlarda uygulanan psikoeğitimsel müdahalelerin doğum korkusunda ve anksiyete semptomlarında anlamlı bir azalma olduğu görülmüş ve bu durumda daha olumlu doğum deneyimi yaşanmasını sağlamaktadır.

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Published

2024-02-03

How to Cite

SARI, T., & GÜRHAN, N. (2024). The Effect of Psychoeducation on Fear of Birth and Anxiety Symptoms in Pregnant Women: A Meta-Analysis. GEVHER NESIBE JOURNAL OF MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES, 9(1), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10611839

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