Examining The Patient Safety Competencies of Nursing Students: A Multi-Regional Study.

Abstract views: 68 / PDF downloads: 30


  • Gülden BASİT




Nursing students, Patient safety, Patient Safety Competencies


Objective: This study aimed to examine the patient safety competencies of nursing students studying at different state universities in Türkiye.

Methods: This descriptive study was conducted in three public universities located in different geographical regions of Türkiye. The study sample consisted of 391 nursing students in year-3 and year-4. The study data were collected with the 'Socio-Demographic Characteristics Form' and the 'Patient Safety Competency Self-Evaluation Tool'. Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal Wallis analyses were used in the research data analysis.

Results: Nursing students' patient safety competency levels were determined to be above moderate levels. The mean attitude score of nursing students was found to be higher than the mean knowledge and skill scores. Students who were in year-4, those who were studying at universities B and C, those who were taking patient safety courses, and those who were taking a course on patient safety as a separate course were found to have higher scores.

Conclusion: It is recommended that patient safety training should be organized in a way to develop competencies and that teaching methods that would improve students' knowledge, attitudes, and skills should be integrated into the curricula and the results should be evaluated.


Amilia, R., & Nurmalia, D. (2020). A comparison of patient safety competencies between clinical and classroom settings among nursing students. Nurse Media Journal of Nursing, 10(1), 66-75.

Asem, N., Sabry, H. A., & Elfar, E. (2019). Patient safety: knowledge, influence and attitude among physicians: an exploratory study. Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association, 94(1), 1-9.

Bianchi, M., Bressan, V., Cadorin, L., Pagnucci, N., Tolotti, A., Valcarenghi, D., . . . Sasso, L. (2016). Patient safety competencies in undergraduate nursing students: a rapid evidence assessment. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 72(12), 2966-2979.

Bressan, V., Stevanin, S., Bulfone, G., Zanini, A., Dante, A., & Palese, A. (2016). Measuring patient safety knowledge and competences as perceived by nursing students: An Italian validation study. Nurse Education in Practice, 16(1), 209-216.

Çiftcioğlu, Ş., Apaydın Cırık, V., & Efe, E. (2022). Student nurses' perceptions of a patient safety culture: A descriptive and cross‐sectional study. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care, 58(2), 658-663.

Eskici, G. T., Kanig, M., Ugur, E., & Seren, A. K. H. (2021). The Turkish version of the Patient Safety Competency Self-Evaluation Tool: A validity and reliability study. Nurse Education in Practice, 57, 103229.

European Network for Patient Safety. (2010). A general guide for education and training in patient safety. Retrieved from: https://www.eu-patient.eu/globalassets/projects/eunetpas/guidelines_final_22-06-2010.pdf , Accession date: 10.01.2022

Huang, F. F., Shen, X. Y., Chen, X. L., He, L. P., Huang, S. F., & Li, J. X. (2020). Self-reported confidence in patient safety competencies among Chinese nursing students: a multi-site cross-sectional survey. BMC Medical Education, 20(1), 1-10.

Jang, H., & Lee, N.-J. (2017). Patient safety competency and educational needs of nursing educators in South Korea. PLoS One, 12(9), e0183536.

Jang, K. S. (2018). Factors influencing the patient safety management activity of nursing students. The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, 24(4), 358-366.

Ji, Y., Lee, H., Lee, T., Choi, M., Lee, H., Kim, S., . . . Park, J. (2021). Developing an integrated curriculum for patient safety in an undergraduate nursing program: a case study. BMC nursing, 20(1), 1-11.

Jin, J., & Yi, Y. J. (2019). Patient safety competency and the new nursing care delivery model. Journal of Nursing Management, 27(6), 1167-1175.

Kakemam, E., Ghafari, M., Rouzbahani, M., Zahedi, H., & Roh, Y. S. (2022). The association of professionalism and systems thinking on patient safety competency: A structural equation model. Journal of Nursing Management, 30(3), 817-826.

Kılıç, H. F., & Cevheroğlu, S. (2023). Patient safety competencies of nursing students. Nurse Education Today, 121, 105666.

Kim, Y. M., Yoon, Y. S., Hong, H. C., & Min, A. (2019). Effects of a patient safety course using a flipped classroom approach among undergraduate nursing students: A quasi-experimental study. Nurse Education Today, 79, 180-187.

Lee, N.-J., An, J.-Y., Song, T.-M., Jang, H., & Park, S.-Y. (2014). Psychometric evaluation of a patient safety competency self-evaluation tool for nursing students. Journal of Nursing Education, 53(10), 550-562.

Lee, S. E., Lee, M. H., Peters, A. B., & Gwon, S. H. (2020). Assessment of patient safety and cultural competencies among senior baccalaureate nursing students. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(12), 4225.

Levett-Jones, T., Andersen, P., Bogossian, F., Cooper, S., Guinea, S., Hopmans, R., . . . Seaton, P. (2020). A cross-sectional survey of nursing students' patient safety knowledge. Nurse Education Today, 88, 104372.

Mansour, M. J., Al Shadafan, S. F., Abu-Sneineh, F. T., & AlAmer, M. M. (2018). Integrating patient safety education in the undergraduate nursing curriculum: a discussion paper. The Open Nursing Journal, 12, 125.

Marcomini, I., Destrebecq, A., Rosa, D., & Terzoni, S. (2022). Self-reported skills for ensuring patient safety and quality of care among Italian nursing students: a descriptive cross-sectional study. International Journal of Health Promotion and Education, 60(2), 67-78. doi:10.1080/14635240.2021.1944270

Murray, M., Sundin, D., & Cope, V. (2018). New graduate registered nurses’ knowledge of patient safety and practice: A literature review. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 27(1-2), 31-47.

Oliveira, H. K. F. d., & Silva, N. C. d. (2022). The meaning of patient safety for nursing students. Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem, 75.

Park, J.-H. (2019). Nursing students' patient safety competency and patient safety management practice. Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial Cooperation Society, 20(3), 216-223.

Safarpour, H., Tofighi, M., Malekyan, L., Bazyar, J., Varasteh, S., & Anvary, R. (2017). Patient safety attitudes, skills, knowledge and barriers related to reporting medical errors by nursing students. International Journal of Clinical Medicine, 8(01), 1.

Taskiran, G., Eskin Bacaksiz, F., & Harmanci Seren, A. K. (2020). Psychometric testing of the Turkish version of the Health Professional Education in Patient Safety Survey: H-PEPSSTR. Nurse Education in Practice, 42, 102640.

Tella, S., Liukka, M., Jamookeeah, D., Smith, N.-J., Partanen, P., & Turunen, H. (2014). What Do Nursing Students Learn About Patient Safety? An Integrative Literature Review. Journal of Nursing Education, 53(1), 7-13. doi:doi:10.3928/01484834-20131209-04

Toygar, İ., Hançerlioğlu, S., & Gacaner, S. (2020). Hemşirelik öğrencilerinin hasta güvenliği konusunda bilgi ve yeterlilikleri. İnönü Üniversitesi Sağlık Hizmetleri Meslek Yüksek Okulu Dergisi, 8(3), 618-629.

Usher, K., Woods, C., Parmenter, G., Hutchinson, M., Mannix, J., Power, T., . . . Jackson, D. (2017). Self-reported confidence in patient safety knowledge among Australian undergraduate nursing students: A multi-site cross-sectional survey study. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 71, 89-96.

VanDenKerkhof, E., Sears, N., Edge, D. S., Tregunno, D., & Ginsburg, L. (2017). Patient safety in practical nurses' education: A cross-sectional survey of newly registered practical nurses in Canada. Nurse Education Today, 51, 48-56.

World Health Organization. (2011). WHO patient safety curriculum guide: multi-professional edition. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO Press. Retrieved from: https://iris.who.int/bitstream/handle/10665/44641/9789241501958_eng.pdf?sequence=1 , Accession date: 10.01.2022

Wu, A. W., & Busch, I. M. (2019). Patient safety: a new basic science for professional education. GMS Journal for Medical Education, 36(2).

Yan, L., Yao, L., Li, Y., & Chen, H. (2021). Assessment and analysis of patient safety competency of Chinese nurses with associate degrees: A cross‐sectional study. Nursing Open, 8(1), 395-403.




How to Cite

ERKUŞ KÜÇÜKKELEPÇE, G., BASİT , G., & ARSLAN ŞEKER , S. (2023). Examining The Patient Safety Competencies of Nursing Students: A Multi-Regional Study. GEVHER NESIBE JOURNAL OF MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES, 8(4), 1163–1174. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10049134