Determination of Fear and Anxiety Levels of Children and Their Mothers in The Face-To-Face Education During The Covid-19 Pandemic Process


Abstract views: 156 / PDF downloads: 64

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10048921

Keywords:

COVID-19, Fear, Anxiety, Child, parent, Face-to-face educaiton

Abstract

Objective: The research was conducted to determine the fear and anxiety levels of children and their mothers in the face-to-face education during the COVID-19 pandemic process.

Methods: Made as the descriptive and correlational study, was carried out between 20 October 2021- 15 January 2022 in the pediatric outpatient clinic of a Training and Research Hospital in western Turkey. Children aged 8-12 years (n=222) and their mothers (n=222) the pediatric outpatient clinic of the hospital between the specified dates. The Descriptive Information Form, , State Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children  , Facial Expression Rating Scale  was used to. The COVID-19 Fear Scale  was used to determine the fear levels of mothers, The Coranavirus Anxiety Scale  was used to determine anxiety levels.

Results: 69.37% (n=154) of the children participating in the research and 78.38% (n=174) of the mothers prefer face-to-face education. The average anxiety score of the children was 37.72±6.03, and the average fear score was 1.95±1.28; while the average fear score of the mothers was 17.51±6.77, the average anxiety score is 2.65±3.56. In the analyzes performed there was a positive low level between the mothers' korku and the children's korku scores (r=0.25; p<0.05); It was determined that there was a positive and moderately statistically significant relationship between maternal korku and the average anxiety scores (r=0.36; p<0.05). In addition, a low level of positive correlation was found between maternal anxiety and anxiety and child fear average scores (r=0.18; p<0.05).

Conclusion: As a result, the fears of children who received face-to-face education during the COVID-19 pandemic process are quite low and their anxiety levels are below the average; it was found that the anxiety levels of the mothers were quite low and their fear levels were at an average level.

References

Ahorsu, D.K., Lin, C.Y., Imani, V., Saffari, M., Griffiths, M. D., Pakpour, A.H (2020). The Fear of COVID-19 Scale: Development and Initial Validation. International journal of mental health and addiction, 20,1537–1545

Başaran, M., Aksoy, A.B (2020). Anne-Babaların Korona-Virüs (COVİD-19) Salgını Sürecinde Aile Yaşantılarına İlişkin Görüşleri. Uluslararası Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi, 13(71), 668-678.

Bäuerle, A., Teufel, M., Musche, V., Weismüller, B., Kohler, H., Hetkamp, M.,…... Skoda, E.M (2020). Increased generalized anxiety, depression and distress during the COVID-19 pandemic: a cross-sectional study in Germany. Journal of Public Health, 42(4), 672-678.

Biçer, İ., Çakmak, C., Demir, H., Kurt, M.E. (2020). Koronavirüs anksiyete ölçeği kısa formu: Türkçe geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması. Anatolian Clinic the Journal of Medical Sciences, 25(Special Issue on COVID 19), 216-225.

Can, E (2020). Coronavirüs (Covid-19) pandemisi ve pedagojik yansımaları: Türkiye’de açık ve uzaktan eğitim uygulamaları. Açıköğretim Uygulamaları ve Araştırmaları Dergisi, 6(2), 11-53.

Çakın, M., Külekçi Akyavuz, E (2020). The Covid-19 process and its reflection on education: An analysis on teachers’ opinions. International Journal of Social Sciences and Education Research, 6(2), 165-186.

Çaykuş, E., Mutlu Çaykuş, T (2020). Covid-19 pandemi sürecinde çocukların psikolojik dayanıklılığını güçlendirme yolları: ailelere, öğretmenlere ve ruh sağlığı uzmanlarına öneriler. Avrasya Sosyal ve Ekonomi Araştırmaları, 7(5), 95-113.

Chua, MQ., Lee, JC., Sulaiman, S., Tan, HK (2020). From the frontline of COVID-19–How preparedare we as obstetricians: a commentary. International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 127(8), 1041-1042.

Dal, C (2023). Pandemi (Covid-19) döneminde okul öncesi ve okul çağında çocuğu olan annelerin covid-19 korkusu ile iyimserlik-kötümserlik düzeyleri arasındaki ilişkinin belirlenmesi. (Yüksek Lisans Tezi). Yök Tez Merkezi. Tez No: 787755

De Miranda, DM., Da Silva, AB., De Sena Oliveira, AC., Silva, ACS (2020). How is COVID-19 Pandemic Impacting Mental Health of Children and Adolescents?. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction 51,1-10.

Duan, L., Shao, X., Wang, Y., Huang, Y., Miao, J., Yang, X., Zhu, G (2020). An Investigation of Mental Health Status of Children and Adolescents in China During the Outbreak of COVID-19. Journal of Affective Disorders, 275, 112-118.

Erol, M., Erol, A (2020). Primary school students through the eyes of their parents during covid-19 pandemic. Milli Egitim, 49(1), 529-551.

Gayretli, S., Düzkaya, DS (2022). Pandemi sürecinde ebeveynlerin koronavirüs anksiyete düzeyinin ebeveyn çocuk ilişkisine etkisi. Black Sea Journal of Health Science, 6(1), 1-10.

Germann, T.C., Gao, H., Gambhir, M., Plummer, A., Biggerstaff, M., Reed, C., Uzicanin, A (2019). School dismissal as a pandemic influenza response: When, where and for how long?. Epidemics, 28, 100348.

Ghosh, R., Dubey, MJ., Chatterjee, S., Dubey, S (2020). Impact of COVID-19 on children: Special focus on psychosocial aspect, Minerva Pediatrica, 72(3), 226-235.

Griffith, A.K (2020). Parental burnout and child maltreatment during the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Family Violence, 37(5), 725-731.

Güdücü Tüfekci, F., Erci, B (2007). Ağrılı işlemler sırasında ebeveynlerin bulunmasının ve bazı faktörlerin çocukların ağrı toleransına etkisi. Atatürk Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Yüksekokulu Dergisi, 10, 30-40.

Güner, Ö., Öztürk, R (2022). Psychological and social impact and lifestyle changes among pregnant women of COVID-19 pandemic: A qualitative study. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 36, 70-77.

Karip, E.,Çelikdemir, K (2020, 4 Mayıs). Okulları yeniden açmak: ne zaman, kim için ve nasıl? https://tedmem.org/covid-19/okullari-yeniden-acmak-ne-zaman-kim-icin-nasil? sayfasından 4 Mayıs 2020 tarihinde erişilmiştir.

Keskin, M., Özer-Kaya, D (2020). COVID-19 sürecinde öğrencilerin web tabanlı uzaktan eğitime yönelik geri bildirimlerinin değerlendirilmesi. İzmir Kâtip Çelebi Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi, 5(2), 59-67.

Kuhfeld, M., Soland, J., Tarasawa, B., Johnson, A., Ruzek, E., Liu, J (2020). Projecting the potential impact of COVID-19 school closures on academic achievement. Educational Researcher, 49(8), 549–565.

Ladikli, N., Bahadır, E., Yumuşak, F. N., Akkuzu, H., Karaman, G., Türkkan, Z (2020). Kovid-19 Korkusu Ölçeği'nin Türkçe güvenirlik ve geçerlik çalışması. Uluslararası Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 3(2), 71-80.

Lee, S,A (2020). Coronavirus anxiety scale: A brief mental health screener for COVID-19 related anxiety. Death Studies, 1-9.

Lau Eva, H., Lee, K (2020). Parents’ views on young children’s distance learning and screen time during COVID-19 class suspension in Hong Kong. Early Education and Development, 32(6), 863-880.

Özden, G., İlgar, Ş (2021). COVID-19 sürecinde ilkokul 1. sınıfa başlayan öğrenci annelerinin kaygı durumlarının çeşitli değişkenler açısından incelenmesi. International Primary Education Research Journal, 5(3), 225-242.

Özlü, İ., Öztürk, Z., Özlü, ZK., Kızıloğlu, B (2021). COVID-19 pandemisinin çocukların korku, kaygı ve depresyon düzeylerine etkisi. Anadolu Hemşirelik ve Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, 24(3), 304-310.

Özusta, Ş (1995). Çocuklar İçin Durumluk-Sürekli Kaygı Envanterinin Uyarlama, Geçerlik ve Güvenirlik Çalışması. Türk Psikoloji Dergisi, 10,32-44.

Priyadharsini, H., Chiang, J,J (2020). Embracing telehealth: supporting young children and families through occupational therapy in Singapore during COVID-19. World Federation of Occupational Therapists Bulletin, 76(2), 90-93.

Qiu, J., Shen, B., Zhao, M., Wang, Z., Xie, B., Xu, Y (2020) A nationwide survey of psychological distress among Chinese people in the COVID-19 epidemic: implications and policy recommendations. Gen Psychiatry, 33:e100213. doi:10.1136/ gpsych-2020-100213.

Sağlık Bakanlığı, (2020, Ekim). COVID-19 salgın yönetimi ve çalışma rehberi Bilimsel Danışma Kurulu Çalışması. https://covid19.saglik.gov.tr/TR-66393/covid-19-salgin-yonetimi-ve-calisma-rehberi.html sayfasından 04 Ekim 2020 tarihinde erişilmiştir.

Sakaoğlu, H,H., Orbatu, D., Emiroglu, M., Çakır, Ö (2020). COVID-19 salgını sırasında sağlık çalışanlarında spielberger durumluk ve sürekli kaygı düzeyi: Tepecik hastanesi örneği. Tepecik Eğit. ve Araşt. Hast. Dergisi, 30(Ek sayı):1-9.

Saurabh, K., Ranjan, S (2020). Compliance and psychological impact of quarantine in children and adolescents due to Covid-19 pandemic. The Indian Journal of Pediatrics, 87, 532-536

Spielberger, C,D (1976). The measurement of state and trait anxiety: Conceptual and methodological issues. Monogr, 2:713-715.

Suffren, S., Dubois-Comtois, K., Lemelin, J.P., St-Laurent, D., Milot, T (2021). Relations between child and parent fears and changes in family functioning related to COVID-19. Int J Environ Res Public Health,18(4),1786.

Unıted Natıons Educatıonal, Scıentıfıc And Cultural Organızatıon-UNESCO (2020). 290 million students stay home due to coronavirus. 21 Nisan 2020 tarihinde https://learningenglish.voanews.com/a/unesco-290-million-students-stay-home-due-to coronavirus/5317148.html adresinden erişilmiştir.

Usta, S,Y., Gökcan H,N (2020). Çocukların ve Annelerinin Gözünden COVID-19. International Journal of Social Sciences and Education Research, 6(2), 187-206.

Üstündağ, A (2021). COVID-19 karantinasının çocukların günlük yaşamı ve alışkanlıkları üzerindeki etkisinin incelenmesi, Ankara Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 12(2), 14 – 22.

Villarreal-Zegarra, D., Copez-Lonzoy, A., Vilela-Estrada, A,L., Huarcaya-Victoria, J (2021). Depression, post-traumatic stress, anxiety, and fear of COVID-19 in the general population and health-care workers: prevalence, relationship, and explicative model in Peru. BMC psychiatry, 21(1), 1-14.

Wang, C., Pan, R., Wan, X., Tan, Y., Xu, L., Ho, CS., Ho, RC (2020). Immediate psychological responses and associated factors during the initial stage of the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) epidemic among the general population in China. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 17:1729-1754.

WHO (2022). “Mental health and psychological resilience during the COVID-19 pandemic.” (nd.). http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/health-emergencies/coronavirus-covid-19/news/ adresinden 13 Eylül 2022 tarihinde erişilmiştir.

Wong, D,L., Baker, C,M.(1988). Pain in children: Comparison of assessment scales. Pediatric Nursing. 14(1), 9–17.

Wössmann, L (2020). Folgekosten ausbleibenden Lernens: Was wir über die Coronabedingten Schulschließungen aus der Forschung lernen können. İfo Schnelldienst. 38 44.

Xie, X., Xue, Q., Zhou, Y., Zhu, K., Liu, Q., Zhang, J., Song, R (2020). Mental health status among children in home confinement during the coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak in Hubei Province, China. JAMA pediatrics, 174(9), 898-900.

Yılmaz, M (2020). Uzaktan eğitimin iyileştirilmesi: salgın kaynaklı eğitim krizini aşmak için öneriler (Politika Notu: 2020/12). İstanbul: İLKE İlim Kültür Eğitim Vakfı.

Downloads

Published

2023-10-28

How to Cite

YILDIZ, N., & YILMAZ KURT, F. (2023). Determination of Fear and Anxiety Levels of Children and Their Mothers in The Face-To-Face Education During The Covid-19 Pandemic Process. GEVHER NESIBE JOURNAL OF MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES, 8(4), 1101–1112. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10048921

Issue

Section

Articles