Factors Affecting Pain Intensity and Disability Level in Patients with Low Back Pain: A Cross-Sectional Study
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Keywords:Level of disability, Low back pain, Pain intensity
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the factors affecting the pain intensity and disability level in individuals with low back pain.
Material and Methods: Two hundred and five patients (131 females, 74 males) with low back pain who applied to Pamukkale University Neurosurgery Outpatient Clinic were included. The demographic information of the patients was recorded. Pain severity, disability level, and the factors affecting the pain intensity and disability level were questioned. Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for pain intensity and Oswestry Disability Index (OSI) for disability level were used.
Results: The mean age of the participants was 47.96 ± 16.41 years. The mean pain intensity was 6.18 ± 2.27 cm and the pain duration was 98.72 ± 222.10 weeks. The mean disability level was 44.93 ± 18.73. 125 (61%) of the participants stated that there was an increase in pain intensity during walking, 113 (55.1%) of them when standing for a long time, and 106 (51.7%) of them when bending forward. It was determined that going downhill, sitting, and bending forward were the factors that increased the pain the most, and climbing stairs, going uphill, and doing housework were the factors that increased the disability level.
Conclusion: It is important to determine the factors that increase the pain intensity and affect the level of disability in patients with low back pain, to raise awareness of the patients, and to take preventive measures.
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