ISSN 2717-7394

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Abstract


Helicobacter pylori Prevalence in Patients Who Underwent Endoscopy in Our Region

Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate Helicobacter pylori positivity frequency in endoscopic biopsies of patients who admitted to Siirt Training and Research Hospital, and its relation with seasonal changes, age and gender factors Methods: Endoscopy and pathology evaluation reports from patients who had endoscopy for various reasons between January 2017 and January 2021 were reviewed in this study.The frequency of H. pylori infection were assessed based on gender, age group and season. The patients were classified as (-) none, (+) mild, (++) moderate, (+++) severe positivity using the Sydney classification. Results: A total of 2065 patients (45.8%% males, 54.2%% females) who had biopsies were included. Mean age was found as 39.0 ± 16.936 years (range 13-90 years). H. pylori positivity was detected as 52.15% (1077), while negativity was 47.8% (988). There was no statistically significant difference between the two sexes in terms of H. pylori frequencies. The highest rate of H. pylori positivity was found in the 15-30 age group (66.27%) and the lowest rate in the 61-90 age group (31.48%) in the age groups. Statistical significance was observed in terms of H. pylori frequencies among age groups (p< 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in terms of total H. pylori frequencies between the seasons (p> 0.05). Conclusion: As a result, the frequency of H. pylori was found to be 52.15%. Due to the high rate of H. pylori positivity in our region, we think that it is a serious public health problem that still needs to be addressed in terms of the diseases it is associated with.



Keywords
Helicobacter pylori, frequency, age, gender



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