ISSN 2717-7394

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Determine of the Prevalence of Premenstrual Syndrome and Related Factors

to the menstrual cycle. These symptoms arise especially in the middle of the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle and disappear when menstruation starts. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of premenstrual syndrome in women in reproductive age between 15 and 49 years old, and to investigate the relationship between premenstrual syndrome and sociodemographic variables. Method: A cross-sectional design was employed. The study was carried out on 500 women. The face to face interview, sociodemographic data form and Premenstrual Syndrome Scale were applied to the women for data collection. As for data analysis, percentage tests, chi-square test and logistic regression analysis were utilized. Results: PMS prevalence of women included in this study was found to be 47%. Premenstrual syndrome symptoms in order of severity are pain, bloating, fatigue, change in appetite, irritability, and anxiety. It was found that being in the age group between 15-46, being single, smoking, having dysmenorrhea, and familial premenstrual syndrome history have direct effect on PMS. Conclusion: It was observed that the prevalence of PMS in women is quite high. Greater importance should be attached to the issue and necessary precautions should be taken for risk groups in order to decrease PMS prevalence and improve women’s quality of life.

PMS, premenstrual syndrome, prevalence, women


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