ISSN 2717-7394

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Abstract


Examination of anxiety levels and stress coping styles of during early stage of COVID-19 pandemic

INTRODUCTION: It is aimed to examine the anxiety levels and stress coping styles of individuals between the ages of 18-65 in the early period of the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: The sample of the study consisted of 503 individuals, from 24 March to 25 April 2020. Data were collected online using Personal Information Form, State-Trait Anxiety Scale (STAI) and Stress Coping Styles Scale (SCSS). Descriptive and parametric tests were used to analyze the data. RESULTS: Of the participants 72.4% were women and 56.9% were between the ages of 17-28. In the early period of COVID-19, 30.2% of the participants stated that they felt depressive and 30.4% felt anxious emotions. In addition, 57.7% of the participants went out of the house to shop. While the STAI mean scores of women were significantly higher than men, the SCSS Self-Confident approach and Optimistic approach subscale scores were found to be significantly lower. As there was a negative relationship between STAI and the Self-confident approach, Optimistic approach and Seeking social support subscales of SCSS, it was found that there was a positive relationship between the Desperate approach and Submissive approach subscales. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: : It can be said that individuals experience depressive and anxious emotions, women experience more anxiety, and men use self-confident and optimistic approach-type coping styles more than women. In addition, in case of an epidemic, it was observed that individuals use desperate and submissive coping styles as their anxiety levels increase.



Keywords
COVID-19, anxiety, stress, coping styles.



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